Native plants are best suited to the local environment and climate and therefore require the least fertilizer, pest control, and watering. Native plants also provide food, shelter, nesting areas, and breeding areas for native wildlife. Planting native plants can create lovely oases of ecological health and beauty. Here is a list provided by the City of Newton of some of the most commonly available native trees, shrubs, and groundcovers. The list describes the conditions to which each species is best suited.